Three Days Training Program to MFI clients dated (2079-02-27 to 2079-02-29) on Improved Animal Husbandry

The training was conducted for 3 days at Hetauda Sub-Metropolitian City-10, Makwanpur District, Bagmati Province on 9th of June 2022 to 11th of June 2022. Altogether there were 34 women participants. The chief guest was Makwanpur District- Sub-Metropolitian City , Hetauda ward-10, Ward Chairman – Mr. Furwa Dorjee Tamang during the opening session of training program. Trainer Dr Sonu Adhikari and Dr. Monica Gautam. Facilitated the training program.

The training started on the 9th of June 2022 in Makwanpur district of Hetuda – Seema Hotel by an introduction to improved housing system for cow, buffalo, pig, chicken and goat. The team went through what an improved housing means, types of improved housing and the benefits of each of the housing systems. In addition, the team discussed the appropriate sites for the constructing of pens and coops.  After the presentations and discussions, the team went through a session on how to construct improved houses using locally available materials.  The practical sessions offered the opportunity for participants to visit a few pens and coops been used by communities’ members, and also visited some improved structures in the improved farms named Abhiyan Farm and Bibek Poltry Farm Pvt. Ltd. They observed the different housing systems, materials used for their constructions and their appropriateness. Others, such as positioning (East to west) to avoid the direction of sun and flooding during rainy season, routine management of pen and the appropriate materials for flooring of pen were all discussed.  The training sessions continued with the introduction to breeding and breed selection. The session looked at what breed selection was, the types of breeds in the locality, when to select new breeds and signs of good breeds. During these discussions, it was revealed that farmers should avoid going to market centers to buy new breeds but rather always first look within their neighborhoods, contact experienced breeders/other livestock keepers or acquire new breeds from breeding stations. Marketing centers as revealed were potential grounds for diseases and most of the animals at the market centers would be at risk of infection.  Besides the disease infections, most of the livestock at the market center would not serve as goods breeds because farmers would not normally sell out their good breeds (except under serious financial constraint). Further discussions revealed that before introducing a new breed into an existing flock/herd, the animal must be quarantined for at least a week and observed to ensure it is healthy before adding to the existing animals. Participants were also taken through feeding for improved productivity.  Topics included the importance of providing feed, components of good feeds and formulation good feeds. Discussions included the dangers of feeding chicken on maggots, animals drinking polluted water from household latrines drainage, goats feeding on fresh soybean crops leading to bloating and death, consuming Newcastle infested dead chicken, and feeding animals with non-nutritious feeds crop residues. The participants learn how to prepare good feed for both chicken and goats using local crop residues and other available materials. During the practical session, participants were taken through the formulation of various feeds with the correct requirements of carbohydrates, proteins, and other minerals to ensure balance diet. Routine health management was another area that was emphasized during the training. Some of the topics discussed included the signs and symptoms of diseases especially Newcastle for chicken and peste des petits ruminants (PPR) for goat/sheep. The notable signs to look out for in Newcastle included loss of appetite, coughing, difficulty breathing, watery eyes, nasal discharge, bright green diarrhea and comb and wattles may swell and discolored blue. For PPR in goats, signs included sudden onset of depression, fever, discharges from eyes and nose, sore in the mouth, foul- smelling diarrhea, coughing and difficulty in breathing. Both PPR and Newcastle are viral diseases and so have no treatment. As such they must be prevented through vaccinations, adaptation of strict bio security, quarantine and proper disposal of disease dead birds and goats. In addition, other routine health practices such as dosing/drenching, dipping, hoof trimming and debeaking etc were important to keep livestock healthy.  Record keeping which is another important activity in livestock rearing was also discussed during the training. The team discussed the importance of farm records, benefits of keeping records, types of farm records to be kept and how to develop different simple farm records such as health records, vaccination records and inventory records.

Overall, the training achieved its objectives as gathered from the evaluation of participants. The evaluation process revealed that women livestock keepers who had limited knowledge on good husbandry practices had greatly increased their understanding in that area. The training has served as a good platform that has prepared them sufficiently to build capacities of farmers to improve on the husbandry practices.

Commercial Pig Farming Training Program at Damak to MFI Client members.

The Training was provided in order to train the women on various aspects of Commercial Pig farming. The training was conducted for 3 days at Jhapa, Damak Municipality-5, Jhapa District, Province 1. At Fine Restaurant, on 27th March 2022 to 29th March 2022. Altogether there were 30 MFI client members participants. The chief guest was Mr. Indra Bahadur Gurung ward chairman of Damak, Jhapa, Damak Municipality-5, Jhapa District, Province 1.

Trainers Mr. Ganesh Kumar Pradhan from Pasu Sewa Karyalaya – Damak facilitated the training. There were altogether 30 participants in the training program. The training program starts with the collection of expectation of subjects that the trainee wants to learn and discussion on traditional and current modernized method of commercial Pig Farming. They trained participants starting with the importance of Pig farming with different aspects (economic wise, employment wise, tourism wise, and business wise), Housing System and Materials used in Pig farming, Pig Breeding System, Balance Diet and Feeding Management, Care of Piglets, Prevention and Control of Pig Diseases in Nepal. Beside that they had shared some ideas about income generation and Pig Marketing System in Nepal. He also oriented farmers how farmers can make pig farming as a profitable business.

Participants were excited to learn about commercial pig farming. They appreciated the effort of Nirdhan providing the skill of pig farming and enhancing their knowledge. They lastly thanked Nirdhan for their huge support and opening a door for economic freedom for the rural women.

Training Program at Simara – Commercial Goat Farming Training to MFI Clients.

The Training was provided in order to train the women on various aspects of Commercial Goat farming. The training was conducted for 3 days at Bara, Simara, Jitpur Simara Sub-Metropolitian City-2, Bara District , Province 2 on 23rd March 2022 to 25th March 2022. Altogether there were 38 women participants MFI client members. The chief guest was Mr. Ram Chandra Adhikari ward member of Simara, Jitpur Simara Sub-Metropolitian City-2 ward , Bara District .

Trainers Mrs. Manaka Khanal, Mr. Pratit Kumar Rai, Dr. Hem Chandra Jaiswal from Pasu Sewa Karyalaya Simara Sub-Metropolitian City-2 ward , Bara District facilitated the training. The training program starts with the collection of expectation of subjects that the trainee wants to learn and discussion on traditional and current method of Goat Farming. They trained participants starting with the importance of Goat farming with different aspects (economic wise, employment wise, tourism wise, and business wise), Housing System and Materials in Goat farming, Goat Breeding System, Balance Diet and Feeding Management, Care of kid goat, Prevention and Control of Goat Diseases in Nepal. Beside that they had shared some ideas about income generation and Goat Marketing System in Nepal. He also oriented farmers how farmers can make Goat farming as a profitable business. Participants were excited to learn about commercial goat farming. They appreciated the effort of Nirdhan providing the skill of Goat farming and enhancing their knowledge

Commercial Pig Farming Training at Lamki.

Pig farming  is not new in Nepal it has been accepted socially and culturally by certain ethnic groups. Pig farming trend is changing gradually due to urbanization some commercial and modern pig farming practice recently started in Nepal. Pigs on the farm are raise in clean, healthy, natural environment with plenty of moving vegetable fields and sustainable pasture. Pork has a distinctive flavor good for nature, good for animal welfare, good for the economy and ultimately safer for your family to eat. The native pig breeds of Nepal are Chwanche, Hurrah, Bampudke, Pakhribas black and Dharane kalo banggur etc. Exotic breeds of pigs are imported in Nepal since 1957 A.D like Landrace, Hampshire, Duroc and Yorkshire etc.

Why Pig farming?

In comparison to other livestock rearing, the advantages of pig farming are extremely high. The growth rate of the pig farming business is very high. Within a short span of time, one can increase the quantity of livestock as pigs are the most prolific breeders with high fecundity and shorter generation interval. They have a very short gestation period of 114 days and able to produce 6-12 or even more piglets in each time. Pig farming provides quick returns since the marketable weight (80-100 kg) of fatteners can be achieved at the age of 7-9 months.

Another great advantage of pig farming business is that, one can start with a small amount of money which reduces the financial burden. In general, pig farmers are smallholders practicing traditional methods of pig farming for both breeding and pork production in past. In order to make handsome profit from this enterprise, farmer should switch off from traditional pig farming to commercial pig production. Initial capital is required for constructing the pig housing, purchasing the breeding stock, purchasing stock feeds and other costs associated with running a pig farming business. The amount of capital needed for pig farming will depend on the size of the piggery farm project.

Training Program

The Training was provided in order to educate the women on various aspects of Commercial Pig farming. The training was conducted for 3 days at Lamki Chuha Municipality-1, Kailali District, Sudurpaschim Province on 26th Dec 2021 to 28th Dec 2021. Altogether there were 32 women participants. The chief guest was Lamki Chuha Municipality head, Mayor Mr. Mahadev Bajgai during the opening session of training program. And chief guest was Vice Chairman of Nirdhan NGO / CEO of Nirdhan Utthan Laghubitta Bittiya Sanstha Limited Mr. Janardan Dev Pant during the closing session of training program.

Trainer Mr. Migendra Bahadur Hamal, from department of Livestock Services, Lamki Chuha Municipality, facilitated the training. The training program starts with the collection of expectation of subjects that the trainee wants to learn and discussion on traditional and scientific method of Pig Farming. The training started with the importance of Pig farming and why Pig farming? with different aspects (economic wise, employment wise, tourism wise, and business wise), Housing System and Materials in Pig farming, Pig Breeding System, Balance Diet and Feeding Management, Taking Care of Piglets, Prevention and Control of Pig Diseases in Nepal. Beside that they had shared some ideas about income generation and Pig Marketing System in Nepal. He also oriented how farmers can make pig farming business as a profitable one.

Towards the end, a feedback session was held during which the participants  responded the training made them more confident and all the participants voiced their satisfaction with the training program.They appreciated the effort of Nirdhan providing the skill based on pig farming and enhancing their knowledge.

During the closing ceremony, Vice Chairman of Nirdhan NGO / CEO of Nirdhan Utthan Laghubitta Bittiya Sanstha Limited Mr. Janardan Dev Pant, expressed his satisfaction over the outcome of the training and he suggested all the participants to implement the knowledge gained from the training and shared it to others also. He also distributed certificates to the participants and congratulated them for completing the training successfully.

Commercial Goat Farming Training at Jahare.

Goat is a multi-use animal which is commonly reared for the meat. In the different parts of the world, goat is raised for the meat, milk, wool and leather. Goat is also called “the poor man’s cow”. In Nepal, the goats can be reared in different ecological zones; hence, people are adopting goat farming as an enterprise. Sheep and goat are belonging to different species, but their management is almost similar. In Nepal, almost in all parts, sheep and goats are raised. And, as all caste and ethnic people like goat meat; day-by-day, goat farming has become a popular business. For the goat farming, the meager needs of fodder and fewer requirements of feeds compared to rearing other livestock, goat farming requires low investment. Shed making can also be possible in a low cost, and easy to sell goats in the case of needs arises to farmer. So, the goat farming enterprise is in growing trend.

Characteristics of goat farming.

  • Management (fodder, feed, shed, disease and parasite control) After purchasing goats, an entrepreneur needs to manage shed construction as per the suitable to climate, nutritious feeding, treatment of diseases and vaccinations, control and timely treatment of goats from internal and external parasites.
  • Reproduction After ensuring appropriate management of doe, it becomes ready for reproduction. The mating should be ensured that parturition does not fall in the month of Ashad/Shrawan (July/August) and Poush/Magh (November/December), as it would be difficult to take care of new born kids.
  • Production and income generation After 5 months of mating, kids are produced, and income generation will be ready from selling after rearing 8-10 months

Training Program

The Training was provided to the women participants to increase the skills on various aspects of Commercial Pig farming. The training was conducted for 3 days at Bheriganga Municipality, Surkhet District, Karnali Province on 3rd Jan 2022 to 5th Jan 2022. Altogether there were 34 women participants. The chief guest was Ward Chairman of Bheriganga Municipality-1 Mr. Laxman Rana and Special guest was Mr. Baburam Kadel from Regional Office Nirdhan Utthan Laghubitta Bittiya Sanstha Limited during the opening ceremony of training program.

Trainer Mr. Kashiram Sharma vet technicians and Mr. Bhojraj Chapai head of Pashu Sewa Bibhag, Government of Nepal. at Bheriganga Municipality, Shurkhet facilitated the training. The training program was three days course, in which the participants were introduced to goat characteristics, high yielding goat breeds, goat care management, goat feed management, goat housing management, goat breeding management, goat insurance, goat diseases and control measures and goat marketing strategies. They also oriented farmers how farmers can make Goat farming as a profitable business.

At the end of the training, the participants expressed the training was very useful and productive for them and thank Nirdhan for organizing such program.

Commercial Goat farming Training at Khajura.

Goats are raised or created primarily for meat, milk, fiber, and skin. Goats are raised in the front yard through the feeding of kitchen leftovers and herbs. They were grown to get household milk consumption and to make goat’s milk ayurvedic medicine also now these days.. There are many sorts of varieties of goats. Several are perfect for meat that remains of milk goats and there are also breeds specifically for the fur. Goat farming is the most lucrative and these projects attract many farmers.

Benefits of goat farming

  • Meat production: Goat meat consists of 20.3% of the total meat produced in the country and the demand is ever in increasing trend.
  • Can be operated in low investment: In comparison of starting other livestock farming, interested small farmers can start with goats. Goats farming can bring opportunity of income generation at home for the small farmers with low investment at small space.
  • Transformation of fodders into nutritious protein: Comparatively goats can be reared with lesser amount of feeds than swine and chicken. Goats eat normal forage, fodders and store in its body as meat which is full of protein.
  • Coping of needs: Goats can be sold at any time, and thus has helped to meet the needs of cash.
  • Return in short time: As the goats have capacity to give birth of more than one kid at a time, and three times in the period of two years, it generates quicker income in short time with low investment in comparison of rearing other cattle.
  • Rearing goats for milk and wool: We are raising goats mainly for the meat. But, in appropriate climate and management, goat farming can be done for the milk and wool.
  • Compost fertilizers for crops: Livestock are integral part of agriculture. Goat farming has a major contribution in providing fertilizers to crop production. It has reduced the dependency to chemical fertilizers and enhanced the production capacity of the land.
  • Goats are needed for traditions or festivals: In our traditions of celebrating Dashain and meeting commitments to God and Goddesses with offering of bucks and does, goats are considered inevitable livestock.

Training Program

The Training was provided in order to educate the women on various aspects of Commercial Goat farming. The training was conducted for 3 days at Khajura Rural Municipality-3, Banke District, and Province 5 on 30th Dec 2021 to 1st Jan 2022. Altogether there were 32 women participants. The chief guest was Vice Chairman of Nirdhan NGO / CEO of Nirdhan Utthan Laghubitta Bittiya Sanstha Limited Mr. Janardan Dev Pant and Special guest Mr. Min Bahadur Hamal and Mr. Bishnu Kunwar were from Regional Office Kohalpur Nirdhan Utthan Laghubitta Bittiya Sanstha Limited during the opening session of training program. Chief guest Mr. Pant expressed satisfaction that commercial goat farming training will help to improve clients lives by contributing to increase in assets, business expansion and access to social services.

Trainers Mrs. Durga Raut, Mr. Hari Prasad Sharma, Dr. Shankar Neupane from Khajura, Banke: NARC, Regional Agriculture Research Station (RARS) facilitated the training. The training program starts with the collection of expectation of subjects that the trainee wants to learn and discussion on traditional and current method of Goat Farming. They trained participants starting with the importance of Goat farming with different aspects (economic wise, employment wise, tourism wise, and business wise), Housing System and Materials in Goat farming, Goat Breeding System, Balance Diet and Feeding Management, Care of kid goat, Prevention and Control of Goat Diseases in Nepal. Beside that they had shared some ideas about income generation and Goat Marketing System in Nepal. There was field visit to the goat farm also on last day of training program. They also oriented farmers how farmers can make Goat farming as a profitable business.

Participants were excited to learn about commercial goat farming. They appreciated the effort of Nirdhan providing the skill of Goat farming and enhancing their knowledge.

Training On Commercial Mushroom Farming.

Training On Commercial Mushroom Farming.

Mushrooms are a type of fungi, which are consumed as food. Mushroom consumption and cultivation are old practices started some thousands of years ago. 20 different species of mushrooms are commercially cultivated around the world. Mushrooms have gained recognition in the food chain because they contribute nutrient supplements to the food and have high medicinal and pharmaceutical value. Mushrooms are believed to have high protein content and sometimes are known as Vegetable Meat. They have very low levels of carbohydrate and fat. Mushrooms also contain polysaccharides, vitamins, and minerals comparable to other fruits and vegetables. The second major importance of mushroom is its wide use in preparing medicines.

A three days training programme  on Mushroom cultivation was organized by Nirdhan NGO in coordination with NUBL’s branch at Bastari, Tansen, Palpa from 5th Dec 2021 to 7th Dec 2021 with an objective to develop entrepreneurship among rural women members by imparting hands on training. The opening session of programme was started with welcome address by NUBL (Nirdhan Utthan Lagubitta Bittiya Sansatha Limited) Branch Manager of Bastari Mr. Arjun Prasad Khanal, who emphasized on the objectives of the training, and conveyed the benefits of the training towards improving their livelihood. He also highlighted on the scope for up-scaling the mushroom cultivation activities. The Chief Guest Mr. Ashok Kumar Shahi Mayor of Tansen Municipality inaugurated the training program.

The special guest Mr. Janardan Dev Pant Vice Chairman of Nirdhan and CEO of Nirdhan Utthan Lagubitta Bittiya Sansatha Limited also given his valuable and motivational speech to the participants where Mr. Pant said we can grow our economy very fast if we convert job seekers to job givers, livelihood to commercialization by successfully integrating people into local commercial life through improved and market-oriented skill development training.  For that factors of production such as human capital must be enhanced and Nirdhan has been providing education and training non-financial services along with financial services to people at the bottom of the socio and economic pyramid, he stated.  This mushroom farming training is one of the training.  Mr. Pant further said that Nirdhan has been promoting new entrepreneurs in large numbers who are able to contribute more to our economy and thus reduce the unemployment Another special guest Mr. Lochan Prasad Timilsina Ward Chairman of Tansen Muncipality ward 7 Bastari, Palpa also present in the program.

The Training was provided in order to educate the women on various aspects of Commercial Mushroom farming. Trainer Mr. Mukesh Ramjali Nepali, Officer at Krishi Gyan Kendra Tansen, Palpa facilitated the training program. The training program starts with the collection of expectation of subjects that the trainee wants to learn and discussion on traditional and current method of Mushroom Farming. The trainees underwent hands on training. On the 2nd day, Mr. Mukesh Ramjali Nepali delivered lecture on mushroom cultivation and in the afternoon, he gave practical training. On last day, field visit to the mushroom Farm. At the end of their training, special guest Mr. Lochan Prasad Timilsina Ward Chairman of Tansen Muncipality ward 7 Bastari, Palpa gave away the certificate to the trainees. A total 32 trainees participated in the training programme. The trainees were very much satisfied.

Training on Commercial Pig Farming.

Training on Commercial Pig Farming.

Pig farming  is not new in Nepal it has been accepted socially and culturally by certain ethnic groups. Pig farming trend is changing gradually due to urbanization some commercial and modern pig farming practice recently started in Nepal. Pigs on the farm are raise in clean, healthy, natural environment with plenty of moving vegetable fields and sustainable pasture. Pork has a distinctive flavor good for nature, good for animal welfare, good for the economy and ultimately safer for your family to eat. The native pig breeds of Nepal are Chwanche, Hurrah, Bampudke, Pakhribas black and Dharane kalo banggur etc. Exotic breeds of pigs are imported in Nepal since 1957 A.D like Landrace, Hampshire, Duroc and Yorkshire etc.

Pig rising is still in the developing stage in Nepal, it is based on agricultural products and kitchen wastes not in balanced foods. We started commercial pork production in Nepal, all pigs are free range, healthy and well cared live outdoors there is some warm bedding area; huts provide shade to keeps the pigs cool in summer. Increasing demand of genuine free range pork farm is difficult to be filled by the relatively small number of producers those are farming free range pigs.

The Training was provided in order to educate the women on various aspects of Commercial Pig farming. The training was conducted for 3 days at Dulegaunda , Shuklagandaki Municipality in Tanahun District on 30th Nov 2021 to 2nd Dec 2021. Altogether there were 35 women participants. The chief guest was Shuklagandaki, Ward no 4 chief Mr. Shiva Kumar Shrestha and Special guest was Vice Chairman of Nirdhan NGO during the closing session of training program. Mr. Pant clarify how it can be profitable business, If you start with just 5 pigs then you will be self employed within 10 month you will earn Rs 1,29,000 net profit and gradually if you will start to increase the numbers of pigs by the numbers of pig became 20 your net profit will be Rs 8,16,000 then in no time you will be in commercial pig farming business. At this point one will not only be self employed but also create employment to others. Further Mr. Pant expressed satisfaction that commercial pig farming will improve clients lives by contributing to increase in assets, business expansion and access to social services.

Trainer Mr. Hemraj Timilsina, Veterinary Doctor and Mr. Ishwor Regmi, Veterinary Care Shuklagandaki, Ward no 4, facilitated the training. The training program starts with the collection of expectation of subjects that the trainee wants to learn and discussion on traditional and current method of Pig Farming. They trained participants starting with the importance of Pig farming with different aspects (economic wise, employment wise, tourism wise, and business wise), Housing System and Materials in Pig farming, Pig Breeding System, Balance Diet and Feeding Management, Care of Piglets, Prevention and Control of Pig Diseases in Nepal. Beside that they had shared some ideas about income generation and Pig Marketing System in Nepal. He also oriented farmers how farmers can make pig farming as a profitable business. Participants were excited to learn about commercial pig farming. They appreciated the effort of Nirdhan providing the skill of pig farming and enhancing their knowledge. They lastly thanked Nirdhan for their huge support and opening a door for economic freedom for the rural women.

Training on Commercial Poultry Farming.

Poultry farming in Nepal and its popularity increasing between local farmers they raising chickens organically for meats or eggs that provides a rapid return on your investment. Chicken farming in Nepal is very popular between urban and rural farmers of Nepal. Pasture raised chicken farming is a best source to maximize their benefit of villagers. Basically chickens grow on a farm for meat, eggs and down.

 
Chickens raised for eggs are usually called layers while chickens raised for meat are often called broilers but we have Nepali local chickens rising also. Chicken farm needs to control all aspects of nutrition, breeding, selection, incubation, hatching and growing to produce high quality poultry products at chicken farm. Rearing chicken is quite difficult than other species of poultry farming, before start an chicken farming it is necessary to know chicken farming facts like food, care, diseases, breeds and chicken farm management. The program was conducted at Tandi from 5th March to 7th March 2021 for three days. The program was facilitated by Dr. Yogendra Raj Panta, Dr. Anil Regmi and Dr. Nishan Aryal as the trainers. The ward representative of Tandi Muncipality  ward no 1 Ratnanagar Bakular Mr. Babu Ram Gautam, branch manager of the Tandi branch of Nirdhan Utthan Laghubitta Bittiya Sanstha Limited Mr. Jyoti Raj Regmi, among others were present in the event. The topics of the training program covered Introduction, objectives sharing, expectation collection, Bio-security and shed cleaning, Preparation for brooding/brooding management, Management practices: litter, feeding & water, Light, temperature, humidity & ventilation, medication, vaccine & vaccination, Heat and cold stress, signs of healthy & sick birds, Catching and transportation of birds, grading, isolation, culling & disposal of dead birds, Important disease conditions (major diseases, symptoms to call for vets) including field visit to poultry farm.

Training on Commercial Buffalo Farming.

Buffalo farming in Nepal is a profitable business it has good potential source for generating income and employment in community. Buffalo is multi-purpose animals commercial buffalo farming in Nepal is to produce the milk, meat and skin. Demands of grass feed buffalo meat and organic dairy products increasing rapidly all over the world because of its distinctive flavor and health benefits.

For thousands of years man has raised buffalo for Milk and meat in India and Nepal, now Buffalo farming is an almost worldwide phenomenon. Buffalo milk contains more butter fat in this way price of buffalo milk is more. Buffalo is strong then cows and lest chance to surfing from daisies and easy to feed, grow and make the shelter. Base of economy of Nepal depend on agriculture there are lot of possibility in buffalo farming. Our buffalo eat green grass; high quality hay, grazing on pastures and produces milk and meats supply on market.
Buffalo farming is a best source to improve the economic status of rural farmers.  It is necessary to know about food, care, health, nutrition, pasture, breeds and farm management before starting Buffalo farming. This program offers Women a full training and the skills they need to start their own farming business.

The program was conducted at Lahan from 1st March to 3rd March 2021 for three days. The program was facilitated by Mr. Durlachanda Choudhary , Mr. Dhani Ram Pandit and Raghupati Choudhary as the trainers. The ward chairperson of Lahan Muncipality  ward no 4 Hulaki Tole  Mr Rambabu Pandit , branch manager of the Lahan branch of Nirdhan Utthan Laghubitta Bittiya Sanstha Limited Mr. Sunil Kumar Singh, among others were present in the event. The topics of the training program covered Introduction, objectives sharing, expectation collection, Balance Diet and Pasture Management, Preparation of balance Diets from local available materials, Life cycle and Cattle Breeding, Production Management, Prevention and control of Disease and Parasites.