Training on Commercial Vegetables Farming: Vegetables are one of the nutritious foods and are considered to be protective foods since they contain high amount of vitamins and minerals. As per the general health standard, the minimum consumption requirement of the vegetables per person is 300 grams. Vegetables also supply dietary fibers (cellulose, Hemi cellulose, and lignin), which are essential for normal peristaltic action of the intestine. In Nepal, the production of vegetables is to be encouraged and expanded because the minimum requirement of vegetable intake is very low.Majority of the Nepali Farmers have small holdings and have to specialize in production with a high return from a small area. In this regards commercial vegetables farming plays a major role. Vegetable crops are efficient to generate cash even from a small plot of land in a short period of time and helps farmers reduce poverty. Nepal has the advantages of climatic condition. We can grow different winter and summer vegetables simultaneously taking advantages of altitude. Different study results revealed that the number of farmers growing different kinds of vegetables is increasing, the production and supply of vegetables in the market is also regularly increasing. There have been improvements in the access of agri-inputs in vegetable cultivation, production technologies and marketing channels to market their produce. However, the area under vegetable cultivation is very small, there has been an increase under the area of vegetable cultivation and shift from subsistence farming to commercialize is needed.
The training was provided in order to educate the women on various aspects of Commercial vegetable farming. The training was conducted for 3 days at Dhikure, Nuwakot on 20th May 2018 to 22nd May 2018. Altogether there were 30 women participants.
Trainer Senior Agricultural Officer Mr. Uma Nath Bhandari and Technical Assistant Mr. Umesh Kumar Mahato from Prime Minister Agriculture Modernisation Project (Potato Zone) facilitated the training. They had divided the training into theoretical and practical session so that the participants have detail knowledge about vegetable farming. They trained them starting with the importance of vegetable farming with different aspects (health wise, economic wise ,employment wise ,tourism wise, business wise) , seasonal and off seasonal vegetable farming, method of seed planting, tunnel making methods, new technological irrigation method, precaution that should be taken during the planting, and preparing organic and chemical fertilizers. Beside that they shared some ideas about income generation and marketing of vegetable. They also oriented farmers how farmers can make vegetable farming as a profitable business.
Overall Objective:To increase the income level of the poor farming households through commercial farming of vegetables.
- Enhance farmers’ capacity to grow and market seasonal and off season vegetables.
- Provide agricultural inputs and technical supports.
- Develop and implement mechanism for the sustainability and up-scaling.
- Increasing demand of vegetables in the domestic markets, possibility of export market to different countries.
- Climatic suitability of hills to produce some unique vegetables with specific taste and quality, production potentials of cauliflower, tomato and beans in the early winter months.
- Government’s provisions include various facilities such as technically capable agriculture extension department, research agency to deliver services to the farmers.
- Availability of exporters and various stakeholders.
- Availability of commerce and trade related department to provide facilities and advise to the exporters/traders, availability of the technical institutions related to processing and packaging technology.