Commercial Pig Farming Training at Lamki.

Pig farming  is not new in Nepal it has been accepted socially and culturally by certain ethnic groups. Pig farming trend is changing gradually due to urbanization some commercial and modern pig farming practice recently started in Nepal. Pigs on the farm are raise in clean, healthy, natural environment with plenty of moving vegetable fields and sustainable pasture. Pork has a distinctive flavor good for nature, good for animal welfare, good for the economy and ultimately safer for your family to eat. The native pig breeds of Nepal are Chwanche, Hurrah, Bampudke, Pakhribas black and Dharane kalo banggur etc. Exotic breeds of pigs are imported in Nepal since 1957 A.D like Landrace, Hampshire, Duroc and Yorkshire etc.

Why Pig farming?

In comparison to other livestock rearing, the advantages of pig farming are extremely high. The growth rate of the pig farming business is very high. Within a short span of time, one can increase the quantity of livestock as pigs are the most prolific breeders with high fecundity and shorter generation interval. They have a very short gestation period of 114 days and able to produce 6-12 or even more piglets in each time. Pig farming provides quick returns since the marketable weight (80-100 kg) of fatteners can be achieved at the age of 7-9 months.

Another great advantage of pig farming business is that, one can start with a small amount of money which reduces the financial burden. In general, pig farmers are smallholders practicing traditional methods of pig farming for both breeding and pork production in past. In order to make handsome profit from this enterprise, farmer should switch off from traditional pig farming to commercial pig production. Initial capital is required for constructing the pig housing, purchasing the breeding stock, purchasing stock feeds and other costs associated with running a pig farming business. The amount of capital needed for pig farming will depend on the size of the piggery farm project.

Training Program

The Training was provided in order to educate the women on various aspects of Commercial Pig farming. The training was conducted for 3 days at Lamki Chuha Municipality-1, Kailali District, Sudurpaschim Province on 26th Dec 2021 to 28th Dec 2021. Altogether there were 32 women participants. The chief guest was Lamki Chuha Municipality head, Mayor Mr. Mahadev Bajgai during the opening session of training program. And chief guest was Vice Chairman of Nirdhan NGO / CEO of Nirdhan Utthan Laghubitta Bittiya Sanstha Limited Mr. Janardan Dev Pant during the closing session of training program.

Trainer Mr. Migendra Bahadur Hamal, from department of Livestock Services, Lamki Chuha Municipality, facilitated the training. The training program starts with the collection of expectation of subjects that the trainee wants to learn and discussion on traditional and scientific method of Pig Farming. The training started with the importance of Pig farming and why Pig farming? with different aspects (economic wise, employment wise, tourism wise, and business wise), Housing System and Materials in Pig farming, Pig Breeding System, Balance Diet and Feeding Management, Taking Care of Piglets, Prevention and Control of Pig Diseases in Nepal. Beside that they had shared some ideas about income generation and Pig Marketing System in Nepal. He also oriented how farmers can make pig farming business as a profitable one.

Towards the end, a feedback session was held during which the participants  responded the training made them more confident and all the participants voiced their satisfaction with the training program.They appreciated the effort of Nirdhan providing the skill based on pig farming and enhancing their knowledge.

During the closing ceremony, Vice Chairman of Nirdhan NGO / CEO of Nirdhan Utthan Laghubitta Bittiya Sanstha Limited Mr. Janardan Dev Pant, expressed his satisfaction over the outcome of the training and he suggested all the participants to implement the knowledge gained from the training and shared it to others also. He also distributed certificates to the participants and congratulated them for completing the training successfully.

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